Poverty can cause a lot of challenges for a child. Parents in poverty tend to be out working most of the time, and they’re stressed by inconsistent income when they aren’t working. The social support network of parents tends to be smaller. Stress accumulates and indirectly passes down to the children. Children of poorly educated parents hear fewer words and tend to receive commands rather than questions. There are fewer books in poor households. Nutrition, hygeine and sleep can also be negatively affected by poverty.
Impulsivity —a tendency to act without forethought—is one of the defining characteristics of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, or ADHD. Impulsive people struggle with waiting for rewards, or taking delayed gratification. Thus, they have trouble successfully setting and achieving long-term goals.